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Question: I was baking challah with a friend and before we put the challah in the oven she took off a small piece of dough, wrapped it in foil, and threw it in the bottom of the oven. She said it was called “taking challah.” What does it mean to take challah, and where does this tradition come from?
–Sally, Dallas TX
God says to Moses: “Speak to the Israelite people and say to them: When you enter the land to which I am taking you and you eat of the bread of the land, you shall set some aside as a gift to the Lord: as the first yield of your baking, you shall set aside a loaf as a gift; you shall set it aside as a gift like the gift from the threshing floor. You shall make a gift to the Lord from the first yield of your baking, throughout the ages” (Numbers 15:18-21).
In observance of this mitzvah, when the people entered the land of Israel, anyone who baked bread was obligated to give a portion of their dough to the kohanim (priests) who worked in the Temple. This dough was part of the salary of the priests, who essentially functioned as public servants doing the Temple work, as well as Divine conduits.
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