Hanukkah is just hours away, you have family coming over and you still haven’t unpacked your menorah, let alone cleaned last year’s wax out of it. Here’s your last-minute checklist of the most important things you need to know and where to find them.
How to Light the Hanukkiah (Menorah) and What Blessings to Say
This article gives more details, but in short: Add one candle each night, inserting, Hebrew-style, from right to left (so on the first night, one candle in the right-most spot of your menorah, plus the shammash helper candle). Light the shammash first, then use it to light the other candles, lighting from left to right (newest candle first). There are three blessings for the first night; after that, just two blessings.
What You Need to Know About the Hanukkah Story
Was it about Maccabees fighting Greeks, rededicating the Jerusalem temple or oil that lasted eight nights? All of the above. Get a quick overview here. And learn about the miracle of the oil (which is not mentioned in either book of Maccabees, but was added in the Talmud) here. For more details, you might want to check out the first and second books of Maccabees, but don’t look for them in the Bible (unless you have a Catholic one).
How to Play Dreidel
What does each letter stand for? What exactly are you supposed to do after the dreidel stops spinning? How do you know who wins? Check out our video and step-by-step instructions here. (And if you want to impress your co-players with a little dreidel trivia, check out this article about its origins or scroll to the bottom of this one to find out about dreidel-spinning world records.)
Where to Find Hanukkah Songs and Lyrics
Forgot the words to Maoz Tzur (Rock of Ages)? Can’t think of anything to sing besides “I Have A Little Dreidel”? You can listen to (and get lyrics for) a few songs directly on MyJewishLearning, but we’ve also compiled a list of websites where you can stream more songs, print out lyrics and, should you be inclined to sit down at the piano, even download sheet music.
How to Make Latkes and Other Hanukkah Food
We’ve got a whole list of Hanukkah recipes here, and you can search The Nosher, our food blog, for even more. Intimidated by latke-making? Watch our short video and learn the most important things to know for perfect results. Incidentally, if you’re pressed for time or simply hate cooking, many supermarkets sell frozen latkes (also called potato pancakes) that can be warmed up in the oven in about 20 minutes. And bakery (even Dunkin’ or Entenmann’s) doughnuts are easy crowd pleasers.
Last-Minute Gift Ideas
One of the good things about Hanukkah is you don’t have to have all your gifts ready on the first night. We’ve got gift guides galore for people new to Judaism, lovers of Jewish kitsch, seekers of novelty menorahs, kids, readers, kid readers, moms, dads, “Star Wars” fans and Jewish foodies, just to name a few.
You may also want to check out our December Holiday Tips for Interfaith Families, articles about the intersection of Hanukkah and Christmas, and glossary of Hanukkah words and terms.
Looking for a conversation starter at your Hanukkah party? Find out how many of these 9 surprising things about Hanukkah your friends and family know.
Explore Hanukkah’s history, global traditions, food and more with My Jewish Learning’s “All About Hanukkah” email series. Sign up to take a journey through Hanukkah and go deeper into the Festival of Lights.
Pronounced: DRAY-dul, Origin: Yiddish, a spinning top, with four sides, each marked with a different Hebrew letter (nun, gimel, hay and shin), it is played with on Hanukkah.
Pronounced: KHAH-nuh-kah, also ha-new-KAH, an eight-day festival commemorating the Maccabees’ victory over the Greeks and subsequent rededication of the temple. Falls in the Hebrew month of Kislev, which usually corresponds with December.