For some theologians, the evils of the Holocaust were unique; others believe they can be integrated into traditional theological discourse.
The events of the Holocaust put the problem of suffering at the fore of Jewish theological discourse.
The metaphor of Israel as the wife of God receives several potent and shocking midrashic reinterpretations as the rabbis reflect on Israel's suffering and persecution.
Suffering & Evil in Judaism
Suffering is meaningless unless you decide otherwise.
The rabbis of the talmudic era were more interested in the human response to suffering than in finding theological justifications for its existence.
The deviant use of human freedom, not God, is the source of evil and suffering.
According to some thinkers, the events of the Nazi era initiated changes in the nature of Judaism.
If the Torah guarantees rewards to the righteous, why do some righteous people suffer?
If Jews have a special relationship with God, then why is there so much suffering?
The philosophers and mystics of the Middle Ages suggested an array of solutions to the problem of suffering.