No biblical book takes up theodicy's challenge with greater power than the moving and enigmatic story of Job.
Beliefs & Practices
In Jewish texts, the devil is sometimes an adversary and sometimes an embodiment of evil.
Why do bad things happen to good people?
An ambiguous divine speech is the subject of great scholarly debate.
Suffering & Evil in Judaism
Suffering is meaningless unless you decide otherwise.
According to the kabbalists, evil is a bi-product of the relationship between humans and the sefirot, God's manifested attributes.
Early Jewish writers were more concerned with the randomness of suffering than with its actual existence.
The events of the Holocaust put the problem of suffering at the fore of Jewish theological discourse.
One violation of the biblical injunction not to "place a stumbling block in the path of the blind" is aiding and abetting an illegal or unethical transaction.
If the Torah guarantees rewards to the righteous, why do some righteous people suffer?
If Jews have a special relationship with God, then why is there so much suffering?
If suffering is beneficial, then the existence of evil is not a problem.
A concept that accounts for suffering, but also contributes to the problem of its existence.
For some theologians, the evils of the Holocaust were unique; others believe they can be integrated into traditional theological discourse.