Bible

Isaiah 40-66: Return and Restoration

In Isaiah 40-66, the prophet(s) built on the theological paradigms of Isaiah ben Amoz (Isaiah 1-39).

Isaiah 3:1-15 A Commentary

Isaiah decries injustice by the elite against the poor. As a fit punishment, social order will be upset, leaving the people in leaderless chaos.

The Latter Prophets

The literary prophets had a difficult and often unpopular mission.

Abraham as a Historical Figure

What cultural, textual, and archaeological sources can tell us about this patriarch

Parashat Masei: Summary

The sons of Reuben and Gad have promised Moses that they will help the other tribes settle the Promised Land before settling across the River Jordan.

Hardened Hearts: Some Explanations

Medieval commentators suggested justifications for God's hardening Pharaoh's heart.

Ruth and Lovingkindness

Rabbinic tradition sees her as a virtuous woman who is rewarded for her behavior.

Parashat Vayeilech: Summary

Moses concludes his speech to the Israelites, blesses Joshua, and instructs the community to gather every seven years to read publicly from the Torah; God predicts the eventual straying of the Israelites.

Parashat Re’eh: Summary

Moses instructs the Israelites regarding idolatry, false prophets, clean and unclean foods, tithes, freeing slaves, and the pilgrimage festivals.

Parashat Vaetchanan: Summary

Moses stresses to the Israelites the importance of keeping God's commandments when they enter the land of Israel; Moses repeats the 10 Commandments and utters the Shema and V'ahavta.

Parashat Devarim: Summary

Moses recounts to the Israelites episodes from the 40 years in the wilderness; he encourages the Israelites in their upcoming conquest of the land of Canaan.

Parashat Matot: Summary

Moses describes the laws of oaths; the Israelites battle the Midianites; the tribes of Reuben and Gad request to dwell outside of the Land of Israel.