Shoveling dirt onto the coffin is the family's final ritual act of honoring the dead.
Recent historical events have lead to new archetypes.
Judaism has communal fasts that are not on the yearly calendar and numerous occasions when individuals may choose to fast.
This pre-Passover fast applies to a select few.
In Jewish sources, the ideal Jewish society will be situated in Israel and ushered in by catastrophic events.
Early Zionist thinkers envisioned, in great detail, the perfect human--and Jewish--society.
At death, several gestures indicate respect for the deceased as well as acceptance of the reality of death.
Kaddish Yatom, an Aramaic prayer glorifying God, is recited by mourners.
The idea that the soul is the human instrument of spirituality became more prominent over the course of Jewish history.
The Transmigrating Soul. Jewish Reincarnation. Jewish Life After Death. Jewish Afterlife and Eschatology. Jewish View on Next Life. Jewish Ideas and Beliefs
Everlasting life was not always guaranteed to the Jewish soul.
Amending prayers that mention resurrection to accord with modern sensibilities.