Rabbi Reuven Hammer

Music and Jewish Prayer

Music in Jewish worship can be high art or popular song, by solo expression or with group participation.

Hebrew & Prayer

Prayer in Hebrew, even in when the language is unfamiliar, can have an emotional impact, which is deepened by an understanding of key concepts and words.

Rosh Hashanah: Rabbinic Development

The first day of the year becomes the day of judgment.

The History of Rosh Hashanah, From the Torah to the Temples

The meaning of the holiday changes over time.

Unetanah Tokef

A religious poem that is meant to strike fear in us.

Rosh Hashanah Liturgical Themes

The focus is on God, humanity, and the relationship between the two.

Piyyutim: Religious Poetry

Piyyutim permeate the High Holiday liturgy.

Enhancing the Amidah

A selection of piyyutim from the Rosh Hashanah Amidah

Rosh Hashanah Musaf Amidah

The additional Amidah contains the major themes of the holiday season.

The Differences Between Rosh Hashanah & Yom Kippur

There is a change of mood from the beginning to the end of the ten days of repentance.