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The words "Jewish food" tend to conjure up images of Ashkenazic comfort foods like gefilte fish, Sephardic dishes like couscous with vegetables, or Middle Eastern delights like falafel and hummus. But with nearly six million Jews–approximately 40% of the world’s Jewish population–calling America home, American Jewish cuisine has become a category unto itself.
Many of the Tribe’s most iconic foods–such as blintzes, borscht, and brisket–were considered normal regional cuisine in the countries where they originated. It was not until Jews moved to the United States, and continued eating these foods, that they took on Jewish cultural significance.
In Jewish Cooking in America, author and culinary historian Joan Nathan argues that America has become a major "culinary center" for the Jewish Diaspora. Her comprehensive timeline begins in 1654, when 23 Sephardic Jews arrived in New Amsterdam, and follows the successive waves of Jews arriving in and spreading across the country. Not surprisingly, she tells the tale of a veritable Jewish melting pot (no pun intended!) in a country that "welcomed immigrants from all over the country [and also] incorporated their foods into the diet."
Packaging, Plenty, Partnership
Today, the majority of American Jewish foods can be defined by three common themes: packaging, plenty, and partnership. As Jewish immigrants transitioned from life as poor tenement dwellers to business owners, they began to package and market their favorite home- cooked foods.
Companies like Manischewitz, Streit’s, Fox’s U-Bet, Rokeach, and Lender’s became synonymous with American Jewish food. They added legitimacy (if not quality) and a sense of permanence to Jewish cuisine, ensuring–for better or for worse–its inclusion on supermarket shelves for decades to come.
On this side of the Atlantic, Jewish food took on distinctly American-sized proportions. Being Jewish in America was, and still is, deeply tied to notions of material success, and what better way to prove one’s successes than with lavish amounts of food?
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