Jewish History 632 - 1650
How Spain and Portugal Expelled Their Jews
Pirates and plague loomed, and prized possessions sold for a pittance.
Expulsion and Readmission
Medieval European Jewry repeatedly faced banishment for both economic and religious reasons.
Jews in North Africa and Egypt
New, more fanatical Muslim rulers caused the quality of Jewish life in North Africa and Egypt to deteriorate during the 12th and 13th centuries.
Sephardic Jews in Amsterdam
Amsterdam became a haven for Jewish refugees from the Inquisition.
Jews in Palestine
The accumulation of disasters in the Middle Ages--expulsions, crusades, and the Black Death, to name a few--inspired a steady stream of Jewish immigration to the Holy Land.
Ancient/Medieval Jewish History
How the Crusades Affected Medieval Jews in Europe and Palestine
Jews got entangled in the Christian quest to recapture the Holy Land from Muslims.
Jews and “The Church”
Scholar Norman Roth questions whether the idea of the medieval Church makes sense as a category of analysis for Jewish history.
From Golden to Grim: Jewish Life in Muslim Spain
The complex political situation in Muslim Spain impacted Jewish social and cultural life there.