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U.N. Security Council Resolution 242

The United Nations responds to Israel's territorial gains in the Six Day War.

Resolution 242, adopted unanimously by the United Nations Security Council, was the result of heated negotiation and compromise. One controversy surrounded what specific territory the U.N. was demanding Israel return. In the end, the issue was left intentionally vague: The clause calling for Israel to withdraw from “all the territories” it occupied in the war was changed to demand Israel remove its army
“from territories occupied in the recent conflict.” This resolution became the basis for negotiations and other efforts to end the Arab-Israeli conflict.

November 22, 1967 

The Security Council,

Expressing its continuing concern with the grave situation in the Middle East,

Emphasizing the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every State in the area can live in security,

united nationsEmphasizing further that all Member States in their acceptance of the Charter of the United Nations have undertaken a commitment to act in accordance with Article 2 of the Charter,

Affirms that the fulfillment of Charter principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East which should include the application of both the following principles:

Withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict;

Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force; Affirms further the necessity

For guaranteeing freedom of navigation through international waterways in the area;

For achieving a just settlement of the refugee problem;

For guaranteeing the territorial inviolability and political independence of every State in the area, through measures including the establishment of demilitarized zones;

Requests the Secretary General to designate a Special Representative to proceed to the Middle East to establish and maintain contacts with the States concerned in order to promote agreement and assist efforts to achieve a peaceful and accepted settlement in accordance with the provisions and principles in this resolution;

Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on the progress of the efforts of the Special Representative as soon as possible.

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