How to Set a Passover Seder Plate

Symbols for Passover.

The major event of Passover is the seder, a festive meal during which we retell the story of the exodus from Egypt.

The story is read out of a book called a haggadah, and as the narrative proceeds we refer to several symbolic items on a seder plate, which is a large plate that holds matzah, bitter herbs, charoset (a mixture of fruit and nuts designed to look like mortar), an egg, a shank bone, salt water, and some greens. Each item on the plate is used and explained as the meal progresses.

What Each Item Represents

Matzah–the bread of affliction that was eaten by the slaves as they rushed out of Egypt

Bitter Herbs–the bitterness of life as a slave

Haroset–its sweetness represents the sweetness of freedom, and its appearance reminds us of the mortar we were forced to make for Pharaoh

Egg— the circle of life

Shank Bone— the lamb that Jews sacrificed as the special Passover offering when the Temple stood in Jerusalem

Salt water— the tears of the slaves

Greens— the initial flourishing of the Israelites during the first years in Egypt, and the coming spring.

While it is not necessary to use a special plate for the seder plate, many families have passed one down through the generations, or have made or purchased one themselves. These seder plates often have designated spots for each of the symbolic items.

Discover More

Must-Know Passover Terms

Key words and phrases for Passover.

How to Make a Vegan Seder Plate for Passover

With a few adjustments, making a vegan seder plate is actually very easy.

The Passover (Pesach) Seder

The most celebrated and beloved of Jewish home rituals.