Israeli Demographics

The total fertility rate in the country’s ultra-Orthodox community has dropped sharply in the past several years, e.g. in the Haredi community of Beitar Illit, it dropped from 8.9 children per woman in 2001 to 7.7 children in 2006, a decrease of 13.5 percent. A drop was seen in the Bedouin rate as well. These occurred at the same time as a reduction of government child allowances. (Haaretz)

-And Nehemia Shtrasler says that this disputes the assertion that the Haredim “decide how many children to have solely based on religious law and social pressure, disregarding economic limitations.� (Haaretz)

-272,300 Israelis, mostly Jews, moved away from Jerusalem between 1990 and 2006, but only 170,000 Israelis replaced them. (The Jerusalem Post)

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The Mass Migration to Israel of the 1950s

Hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees from Europe and the Arab lands seek a new home in the Jewish state.

Jews and Arabs in British Mandate Palestine

During the interwar period, the two populations struggled to lay claim to the land.

Ghettos Under the Nazis

During World War II, the Nazis established more than 400 ghettos for the purpose of isolating and controlling the Jews.