# Modern Views on Jewish Chosenness

## Spinoza and the Philosophical Impossibility of a Chosen People

Jewish chosenness is not a metaphysical reality. It derives from the conditions of a particularly prosperous period in Israelite history.

## Modern Orthodoxy & the Chosen People

The requirements and transcendent possibilities of Jewish law are the bases of Jewish distinctness.

## Chosen People: Some Modern Views

While some modern Jews have rejected the notion of chosenness altogether, others have reinterpreted it as an ethical mission or a national spirit.

## Reconstructionist Judaism and the Rejection of Chosen People

According to Reconstructionism's founder, the idea of chosenness divides peoples from each other and should be rejected, not reinterpreted.