The pursuit of proper kavanah, the Hebrew term for directed attention, has long concerned Jewish thinkers.
Messianism in Chabad-Lubavitch challenges Jews of all denominations to consider the limits of Jewish theology.
A Hasidic spiritual leader believed to maintain a channel to God.
Founder of the Chabad school of Hasidism.
Sages & Scholars
Hasidic master whose disciples refuse to appoint a successor--even two centuries after his death.
The problem of divine withdrawal inspires an alternate view of the universe.
One strand of medieval kabbalah focused on achieving a transformative mystical experience.
The Hasidic movement of the 18th century embraced the mystical texts from an earlier era.
Joseph Caro and Moses Cordovero, icons of Safed mysticism, elaborated on the teachings of the Zohar.
Isaac Luria's theory of creation.