biblical

Biblical and Rabbinic Attitudes Toward Non-Jews

Early Jewish texts affirmed the universal fraternity of humankind, while asserting the importance of Jewish distinctiveness.

A Crash Course in Early Jewish History

From biblical times to the emergence of Rabbinic Judaism.

Israel and Anti-Gentile Traditions

Israel Shahak's theory that anti-Gentile traditions have influenced Israeli policy is well known in both Arab and anti-Semitic circles, but Jews have yet to properly confront it.

Shabbat in the Bible

The Sabbath was a cornerstone of the Temple service and of popular observance in ancient Israel.

Hezekiah’s Passover

The festival served as a repudiation of idolatry.

Passover from the Bible to the Temples

The focus is on the paschal offering.

Hebrew Bible: Torah, Prophets and Writings

The Bible, also known as Tanakh, is the founding document of the Jews.

Biblical Sources on Shabbat and the Perfected World

The Bible itself is the source of the notion that Shabbat is a foretaste of the perfected world that is yet to come.