Sages & Scholars

Rabbi Joshua

This early Rabbi of the Mishnah regularly debated Rabbi Eliezer.

Rabban Gamaliel

Many rabbis of the same name served as Nasi or Prince.

Vilna Gaon

Renowned scholar led non-Hasidic Jewish world into modernity.

Nachman of Breslov

Hasidic master whose disciples refuse to appoint a successor--even two centuries after his death.

The Baal Shem Tov

The founder of Hasidism is shrouded in legend and mystery.

Isaac Luria and Kabbalah in Safed

After the expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492, the center of kabbalistic study moved to the town of Safed in northern Palestine.

Who Was the Chofetz Chayyim?

This influential 20th-century Jewish figure established his reputation first and foremost as an opponent of lashon hara, evil speech.

Rachel Adler

How Adler uses feminist ideas to challenge Jewish law.

Mishnah and Tosefta

These two texts both shaped Rabbinic Judaism. But which came first?

The Geonic Period

During this time Babylonia was the spiritual and political center of Diaspora Jewry, and Jewish communities looked to the Geonim for authoritative teachings on halachic matters.

Leo Baeck

Theologian who emphasized the ethical center of Judaism.

Abraham Isaac Kook

According to Kook, Jews can only reach their full spiritual potential in the Land of Israel.