Jews & Non-Jews

Jewish Attitudes Toward Proselytes

At times, Jews have embraced large numbers of converts, but hostile relations with Gentile neighbors often led to suspicion of proselytes as well. 

Israel and Anti-Gentile Traditions

Israel Shahak's theory that anti-Gentile traditions have influenced Israeli policy is well known in both Arab and anti-Semitic circles, but Jews have yet to properly confront it.

Historic Jewish Views on Christianity

Theological attitudes toward Christianity have changed over time in response to social and political developments.

Overview: Attitudes Toward Non-Jews

What have Jews thought about non-Jews at various points in history?

Spinoza and the Philosophical Impossibility of a Chosen People

Jewish chosenness is not a metaphysical reality. It derives from the conditions of a particularly prosperous period in Israelite history.

Jews & Non-Jews 101

While Jewish parlance often seems to divide the world into two groups--Jews and non-Jews--in Jewish tradition, not all gentiles are viewed in the same light.

Jewish-Christian Theology and Relations After the Holocaust

In the wake of the Holocaust, Jewish theologians have challenged Christian thinkers to rework Christianity's traditional pictures of the Jews.

Jewish Views on Islam

According to most Jewish thinkers, Islam is not idolatry; but authorities have disagreed as to whether it's better to convert or be martyred.

Modern Orthodoxy & the Chosen People

The requirements and transcendent possibilities of Jewish law are the bases of Jewish distinctness.

Covenant and Chosenness

According to some interpreters, the Jews chose to be chosen.

The Jewish-Buddhist Encounter

Both faith communities have something to teach the other.

Chosen People: Some Modern Views

While some modern Jews have rejected the notion of chosenness altogether, others have reinterpreted it as an ethical mission or a national spirit.