Word found at the end of prayers has a long, complex history.
Solomon Ibn Adret wrote numerous Medieval responsa.
Coexistence and conflict.
Modern Jewish History
Austro-Hungarian rabbi who fought against the influence of Reform.
Though the Torah prescribed capital punishment for certain crimes, the rabbis moderated its use.
While Jewish critics have arisen in modern times, brit milah is still widely practiced.
Despite the cynical tone of Ecclesiastes, it has been given a place of joy and honor in the Jewish cycle of readings.
How the sages' debates across many generations became the monumental works known as the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds
Jeremiah's tragic message is conveyed by both his prophecies and account of Jerusalem's destruction, but he also gives his people hope.
Traditionalists as well as modernists opposed Hasidism on social, theological and cultural grounds.