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Experiences and behaviors that we define as ”spiritual” tend to be of a specifically inward nature. We generally associate spirituality–admittedly, an opaque term–more with thought, soul, and self than with action, materialism, and society. In other words, we are more likely to identify a reclusive monk as spiritual, than an outspoken politician.
The Torah provides us with many models of inward spirituality. Moses encounters God for the first time while he is alone in achar ha’midbar, the ”back of the desert” (Exodus 3:1). He engages in numerous conversations with the Divine that take place in solitude, once even glimpsing God’s back (33:21-23). Isaac goes off by himself to meditate in the field (Genesis 24:63). Jacob is ”left alone” by the Yabbok River when he receives his new name, Yisrael (Genesis 32:24). The Torah certainly does not reject the notion of personal, inner spirituality.
Expanding the Definition of Spirituality
Parashat Yitro, however, challenges this narrow definition. It reminds us that physical, concrete action on behalf of others is an essential component of spirituality.
God appears to the entire nation of Israel at Mount Sinai in an awesome display of fire, smoke, lightning, and shofar blasts, and with a power that makes the mountain itself tremble. Moses ascends this mountain to God. We might expect him to immerse himself in this delicious holiness atop Mount Sinai, to tuck himself away in his own mystical experience. After all, isn’t he a deeply spiritual man? How could he resist?
However, Moses runs around tirelessly in this story–up and down the great mountain and back up again, to and fro between God and the people–in order to facilitate a conversation between the Divine and the masses. To follow Moses in this text is actually quite dizzying.
The medieval commentator Rashi also imagines that Moses might have been tempted to solitarily soak himself in his own encounter with God. Rashi comments, ”Moses did not turn to his own affairs, but rather from the mountain to the people” (Rashi on Exodus 19:14). Moses pours his energy into action, maintaining his commitment to the people throughout the revelation.
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