Jewish thinkers have long struggled to understand why the righteous suffer. Here are some of their answers.
The events of the Holocaust put the problem of suffering at the fore of Jewish theological discourse.
Suffering & Evil in Judaism
Suffering is meaningless unless you decide otherwise.
The deviant use of human freedom, not God, is the source of evil and suffering.
According to some thinkers, the events of the Nazi era initiated changes in the nature of Judaism.