The findings of modern science and the tragedy of the Holocaust led some Jewish thinkers to redefine God.
Women & Feminism
A survey of Jewish feminist challenges and responses to traditionally male language for God.
Sages & Scholars
Hermann Cohen and his student, Franz Rosenzweig, stressed the ethical implications of God.
Modernity raised serious challenges for traditional conceptions of God.
Why female pronouns for God may not be enough.
Surprisingly enough, gender-sensitive critiques of the Jewish God can create problems for notions of masculinity.
Jewish feminists imagine and address God in a multiplicity of ways, both innovative and traditional.
Martin Buber and Abraham Joshua Heschel stressed the human encounter with God.