Jews & Non-Jews
The prohibition against non-Jewish practices, might relate to the practices of ancient Egypt, Canaan or the social and philosophical ways of non-Jews today.
Rabbinic authorities have used different arguments to redress inequities in the way halakhah treats non-Jews.
The various ways Jewish law distinguishes between Jews and gentiles.
Beliefs & Practices
From the worship of statues to -- some would say -- the absolute veneration of political movements, Judaism forbids idolatry in all its forms.