Listening to the Constant Prayer of the Soul

How to integrate meditation into Jewish prayer.

How to Acquire the Right Mental State for Prayer

The pursuit of proper kavanah, the Hebrew term for directed attention, has long concerned Jewish thinkers.

Hannah’s Prayer

The model of prayer with kavvanah, or sincerity

Keva and Kavanah

How the balance of keva (routine) and kavanah (intention) inform Judaism and the thought of Abraham Joshua Heschel.

Kavanah, Or Intention

In the words of one sage, "Prayer without kavanah is like a body without a soul."

Intention & Liturgical Change

Liturgy, Tradition, and Change