Shortchanging a customer in weight or measure, even mere possession of defective weights or measures, is a punishable offense -- and a moral failing.
One violation of the biblical injunction not to "place a stumbling block in the path of the blind" is aiding and abetting an illegal or unethical transaction.
Advertising deals in dissatisfaction, argues one environmental activist. We buy to cure deficiencies that ads mercilessly invent, encouraging us to covet what others have.
The Torah forbids fraud in pricing and in weights and measures. Prophets and sages rail against those who violate these laws.
The Torah admonishes us to "love God" with our material possessions -- that is, not to keep our religious values and economic lives in separate compartments
What is unfair competition in business? There are many Jewish answers.
The principles of ethics embodied in Jewish legal and ethical writings apply explicitly to business situations.