Jewish Feminism

Feminism and Jewish Prayer

A variety of views on changing masculine bias in Jewish liturgy.

Medieval Jewish Attitudes Toward Women

In the Middle Ages, a Jewish woman's social well-being was considered important, but her life was strictly guided by Jewish law.

Feminist Perspectives on Jewish Studies

Considering the role of gender in producing knowledge about Judaism.

Reshaping Jewish Memory

In the Torah, women are absent at the covenantal moment; to make up for this, Jewish history must be reconstructed.

God’s Gender: A Traditionalist View

If we reject male God language, we lose a powerful metaphor: the husband-wife relationship between God and the Jews.

Women in Rabbinic Literature

The rabbis of the Talmud designated specific female roles and activities, and were wary of women's nature, but they also tempered biblical laws that caused hardships for women.

Women in the Bible

In the Bible, women are sometimes portrayed as men's equals and other times as men's subordinates — or property.

Overview: Women in Traditional Jewish Sources

What the Bible, Talmud and other classic texts say about women and their roles.

Engendering Judaism

Because the evolution of Judaism is affected by social conditions, it can be actively developed to be gender sensitive.

Jewish Feminist Theology: A Survey

From theologies that address the male-ness of God to ones that address the femininity of males.