Israel in Jewish Thought
Israel in Jewish Thought 101
Through centuries of exile, Jewish hopes and prayers were focused on the Promised Land.
Since the beginning of modern Zionism, some Jews have stood in opposition to it.
Ancient/Medieval Jewish History
The Land of Israel in Medieval Jewish Thought
Because most Jews of this period lived in the Diaspora, Israel was an abstract concept.
The Promise of the Promised Land
In the Bible, possession of the Land of Israel is tied to moral behavior.
Israel in Rabbinic Literature
In rabbinic literature, the Land was of primary importance--even as the Diaspora grew.