A Vanished World: Medieval Spain’s Golden Age of Enlightenment

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Crash Course in Medieval Jewish History

From the Muslim-Arab conquests of the 7th century to the appearance of modern ideas in the 1,000 years later.

The Golden Calf

As commonly understood, this biblical narrative condemns the first violation of the prohibition against idolatry--but it's not that simple.

Haskalah, the Jewish Enlightenment

Originating in 18th-century Germany, this movement of "maskilim" sought to integrate Jewish ideas and Jews into Western society.