Study

In the Theocentric Universe, Human Beings Are Not Masters

Powerful passages in the Book of Job teach that the world, and the animals in particular, must not be abused or exploited by human beings.

The Genesis Creation Story: Permission to Despoil?

A Bible scholar takes issue with those who blame the Book of Genesis for Western culture's exploitative disregard for nature.

The Natural World and our Need for Wonder

When we perceive, at rare moments, that behind the natural world is a realm of the unknown and inexplicable, we attain awareness of holiness

The Anthropological Implications of Suffering

The rabbis of the talmudic era were more interested in the human response to suffering than in finding theological justifications for its existence.

Rahel the Poetess

Rahel's poetry expounded on the beauty of the land of Israel--but it was a tragedy in space that gave one of her poems renewed attention.

The Inquisition II

The Inquisition expanded its horrible reach

Urbanization and Land Use: A Biblical Model

The design of the Levites’ urban settlements featured open spaces and regional integration.

Humans as Guests in God’s World

A talmudic metaphor teaches that human beings are responsible for ensuring that the world achieves global environmental sustainability.

The Earth’s Reward: Enjoy Its Fruit, but Protect Its Fruitfulness

The Torah teaches us to value human life -- as part of a sustainable world.

Who is an Educated Jew?

A historical perspective on the Jewish canon, and reflections on what today's learned Jews need to know.

Nachman Krochmal: A Guide for the Perplexed of His Era

Nachman Krochmal pioneered the idea of historical-critical study of Judaism in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia