Modern Jewish History

Who Was Shabbetai Zevi?

The kabbalistic false messiah gained a mass following in the 17th century — until he converted to Islam.

The Soviet Jewry Movement in America

The fight to liberate the USSR's Jews strengthened and united the American Jewish community.

What Were Shtetls?

Clearing up myths about these Eastern European villages where Jews lived.

American Jewish Feminism: Beginnings

Contemporary Jewish feminism has made its impact on all of the major denominations of Jewish life.

Ghettos Under the Nazis

During World War II, the Nazis established more than 400 ghettos for the purpose of isolating and controlling the Jews.

Jewish Resistance in the Holocaust

Jews fought back against the Nazis in ghettos, forests and camps.

The Final Solution

How the Nazis planned and executed the systematic murder of European Jewry.

Theodor Herzl

Though he died decades before the State of Israel's establishment, he is considered the country's founding father.

Jews and Arabs in British Mandate Palestine

During the interwar period, the two populations struggled to lay claim to the land.

Martin Buber

The creation of a Jewish existentialism--and a Jewish state.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

When the Rosenbergs were charged with spying, American Jews feared an anti-Semitic backlash.

Women During the Holocaust

The Nazis subjected women to brutal persecution.