The Hanukkiah (Hanukkah Menorah)

Hanukkah lamps come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes.

The hanukkiah, also known as the Hanukkah “menorah,” is a candelabra designated specifically for the Hanukkah candles. The Hanukkah lamp contains room for nine candles — one for each night, plus the shammash or helper candle —  though it is possible to find some antique European examples with 10 candle holders.

Menorah is the Hebrew word for lamp, and specifically refers to the seven-branched candelabrum that was used in the ancient Temple in Jerusalem. Thus, a hanukkiah, or Hanukkah menorah, is a type of menorah; every hanukkiah is a menorah, but not every menorah is a hanukkiah.

Lighting the candles is Hanukkah’s most central ritual. One candle is added on each night of the eight-night holiday until it is ablaze with light on the eighth evening.

Hanukkiyot (Hanukkah menorahs) can be made of any nonflammable material, and they come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. The eight candles should be the same height and at the same level, but the shammash is often placed higher or set off to the side.

Hanukkah menorahs are sold in Judaica stores and online.

My Jewish Learning is a not-for-profit and relies on your help

Donate

Discover More

Public Displays of Hanukkiyot

A modern phenomenon that draws on basic Hanukkah beliefs.

The Hanukkah Blessings

Prayers said for lighting the Hanukkah candles

Making Hanukkah With Children Meaningful

Hanukkah offers many opportunities for fun and joyous celebration.

6 Tips for Hosting a Solo Passover Seder

Having a Seder by yourself or with a small group doesn't have to be a lonely experience.

Passover 2021

In 2021, the first Passover seder is on Saturday, April March 27.

Lighting Shabbat Candles

Everything you need to know about kindling the Sabbath lights.

Shabbat Blessings for Friday Night

Lighting the candles, saying Kiddush and other Shabbat dinner rituals.