Pronounced: muh-ZOO-zuh (oo as in book), Origin: Hebrew, a small box placed on the right doorpost of Jewish homes. It contains a parchment scroll with verses from the Torah inscribed on it, including the Shema prayer (Deuteronomy 6:4-9, 11:13-21).

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The Shema

An affirmation of God’s singularity, its daily recitation is regarded by traditionally observant Jews as a biblical commandment.

Must-Know Purim Words and Phrases

Key vocabulary for this raucous holiday

Highlights of the Shabbat Morning Synagogue Service

The major parts of the Saturday morning service.