No biblical book takes up theodicy's challenge with greater power than the moving and enigmatic story of Job.
Why do bad things happen to good people?
Jewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Beliefs & Practices
In Jewish texts, the devil is sometimes an adversary and sometimes an embodiment of evil.
An ambiguous divine speech is the subject of great scholarly debate.
Suffering & Evil in Judaism
According to the Torah, Jews have a special relationship with God. It is the problem raised by this relationship--more than the philosophical one--that is often discussed in biblical and rabbinic literature.
What does it mean to be 'cut off' from the Jewish people?
For some theologians, the evils of the Holocaust were unique; others believe they can be integrated into traditional theological discourse.
In rabbinic texts, the distinction between childhood and young adulthood is the birth of the yetzer hatov, the good inclination.
The events of the Holocaust put the problem of suffering at the fore of Jewish theological discourse.
One violation of the biblical injunction not to "place a stumbling block in the path of the blind" is aiding and abetting an illegal or unethical transaction.
Suffering is meaningless unless you decide otherwise.
The deviant use of human freedom, not God, is the source of evil and suffering.
Solutions to Jewish Suffering and Evil. Jewish Suffering and Evil. Jewish Ideas and Beliefs.
According to the kabbalists, evil is a bi-product of the relationship between humans and the sefirot, God's manifested attributes.