The hanukkiyah, also known as the Hanukkah “menorah,” is a candelabra designated specifically for the Hanukkah candles.
Menorah is the Hebrew word for lamp, and specifically refers to the seven-branched candelabrum that was used in the ancient Temple in Jerusalem. The Hanukkah lamp contains room for nine candles — one for each night, plus the shammash or helper candle — though it is possible to find some antique European examples with 10 candle holders.
Lighting the candles is Hanukkah’s most central ritual. One candle is added on each night of the eight-night holiday until it is ablaze with light on the eighth evening.
Hanukkiyot (Hanukkah menorahs) can be made of any nonflammable material, and they come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. The eight candles should be the same height and at the same level, but the shammash is often placed higher or set off to the side.
Pronounced: KHAH-nuh-kah, also ha-new-KAH, an eight-day festival commemorating the Maccabees’ victory over the Greeks and subsequent rededication of the temple. Falls in the Hebrew month of Kislev, which usually corresponds with December.