A Timeline of Jewish Texts

How did the different genres of Jewish texts develop chronologically?


This timeline does not try to record every major document, but rather, it focuses on a single representative document for a particular century. Occasionally, authors are listed rather than a single work. Documents which have not been preserved or seen as authoritative by later Jews, are marked with an asterisk (*).

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Jeffrey Spitzer is Chair of the Department of Talmud and Rabbinics at Gann Academy, The New Jewish High School, Waltham, Mass., and a member of the Institute's Tichon Fellows Program.

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Law Codes
Thought and Ethics
Biblical Precedents   Deuteronomy Psalms Proverbs Ezekiel ch. 1 Samuel, Kings
300 BCE         *Ben Sira    
200 BCE Septuagint–Greek Translation   *Jubilees     *Book of Enoch *Demetrius the Chronographer
100 BCE