Jewish History

Jewish Emigration in the 19th Century

Migration--within and from Europe--as a decisive factor in Jewish life.

Jewish Emancipation in Russia

Faced with state-endorsed anti-semitism, Russian Jews attempted to make their own emancipation.

Jewish Emancipation In The East

What differed from the West?

Jewish Emancipation in Western Europe

Liberty, equality, fraternity: Was it good for the Jews?

Jewish Emancipation and Enlightenment

How Enlightenment ideals in Europe created the potential for Jewish citizenship.

Jewish Socialism in Russia

The organization and development of the Bund, the General Union of Jewish Workers.

The ILGWU Strike of 1909

The 1909 ILGWU strike established a precedent for serious collective action in other branches of the garment economy.

Jewish Socialism in Europe

Jewish influence and vice versa.

Zionism 101

The Jews as a nation in the land of Israel