Syncretism and Judaism

Throughout history Jews have accepted some influences of outside religions and cultures, and rejected others.

Haskalah in Russia and Galicia

The development and expansion of the Jewish Enlightenment.

Haskalah, the Jewish Enlightenment

Originating in 18th-century Germany, this movement of "maskilim" sought to integrate Jewish ideas and Jews into Western society.

Key Issues in Modern Jewish History

How emancipation, nationalism, capitalism and liberalism affected the Jews.