Free Will Quiz

The paradox of human free will and God's infinite knowledge and power has troubled Jewish thinkers at every point in Jewish history. How much do you know about this debate?

Question 1 of 10
Who believed that free will doesn't really exist, but human beings need to believe it does?
Question 2 of 10
What does the Apocryphal writer Ben Sira believe about predetermination?
Question 3 of 10
Which modern thinker believed that the goal of a human's development is freedom and independence?
Question 4 of 10
What does Abraham Joshua Heschel believe about free will?
Question 5 of 10
What does the term hashgahah mean?
Question 6 of 10
Which Jewish philosopher suggested that God knows the options from which we will choose, but doesn’t know the specific choice we will make?
Question 7 of 10
True or false: In antiquity, the different sects in Israel (Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes) all agreed about fate and determinism.
Question 8 of 10
What did the Hasidic Izbicer Rebbe teach about free will?
Question 9 of 10
Which Christian thinker's view on free will parallels Maimonides' view?
Question 10 of 10
What is the most significant problem that modern science has contributed to the free will question?

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