Burial and Mourning: A Liberal Approach

The questions that a liberal Jew asks when a loved one dies often go beyond the strict requirements of Jewish law.

Excerpted with permission from Saying Kaddish: How to Comfort the Dying, Bury the Dead, & Mourn as a Jew (Schocken Books).

Traditional Jewish law, halacha, is very clear about this process, defining what is permitted and what is forbidden for the dying, the dead, and the bereaved. While there is great comfort in understanding the architecture of Jewish mourning customs, this knowledge is only the beginning for non-Orthodox Jews–Conservative, Reconstructionist, Reform, and unaffiliated–who tend to view halacha as reference point and guide rather than mandate.

Liberal Jews committed to burying and mourning their dead within a clearly Jewish framework often face questions and choices that are outside the purview of the law.

·        Will we be sitting shiva? For how long?

·        What do we do with flowers sent to the funeral home?

·        If Dad never wore a prayer shawl, would it be disrespectful to him to have his body wrapped in one for burial?

Contemporary life brings heartfelt new questions to the universal crisis of grief:

·        How can I, as a Jew-by-choice, mourn for my Catholic father or my Baptist sister?

·        How do I reconcile the fact that Mom told us she wanted to be cremated when Judaism opposes it?

·        Since virtually all Jewish mourning rituals pertain to first-degree family members, how can I grieve for my best friend?

·        How do I mourn for a lover?

·        How do I mourn my ex-husband, who was the father of my children?

·        Is it hypocritical to recite Kaddish if I don’t believe in God?

Sign up for a Journey Through Grief & Mourning: Whether you have lost a loved one recently or just want to learn the basics of Jewish mourning rituals, this 8-part email series will guide you through everything you need to know and help you feel supported and comforted at a difficult time.

Looking for a way to say Mourner’s Kaddish in a minyan? My Jewish Learning’s daily online minyan gives mourners and others an opportunity to say Kaddish in community and learn from leading rabbis.

Discover More

Parashat Re’eh: Returning to Routine

Twice in the final verses of Parashat Re’eh, we are commanded to rejoice. And in both cases, the “we’” is ...

Parashat Sh’lach: Dreams and Disappointments

What is this generation of Israelites to do in the face of a collective terminal diagnosis?

Parashat Shoftim: Justice, Death and Uncertainty

Judaism provides for the liminal, confusing period of grief with a series of stages.