Abraham Millgram

Biblical Prayer

Spontaneity and creativity were hallmarks of prayer in the time of the Bible.

Minyan: The Congregational Quorum

Only in a group of ten or more is there sufficient sanctity to recite certain public prayers.

Kippot (Head Coverings) in Synagogue

Changing trends in the use or non-use of a head covering in synagogue has been an indicator of changing relations with the surrounding community.

Pre-Modern Synagogue Architecture and Interior Design

Synagogues share certain functional interior furnishings, but there is no architectural design or artistic style that characterizes a synagogue.

Reinterpreting Tefillin

Some interpretations of the meaning of tefillin have faded, and others have been invented to take their place.