Parashat Vayakhel

Holiness Is Not Intrinsic

The Tabernacle and Shabbat are vehicles for infusing all space and time with holiness.

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Provided by the Orthodox Union, the central coordinating agency for North American Orthodox congregations.

Our sages note the juxtaposition of Shabbat and the Mishkan (Tabernacle) at the beginning of Parashat Vayakhel.

The Mishkan, the "resting place" of the Shechinah (divine presence), was built to serve as the focal point of religious life for the Jewish nation. But therein lay a latent danger--the possibility that the Jewish people would contrast the pristine spiritual world of the Mishkan to the mundane society at large and mistakenly perceive that any significant kedushah (sanctity), any closeness to God, could be achieved only within the confines of the Mishkan.

Such a perspective, however, undermines the very essence of the Mishkan’s message: "veshachanti betocham--and I [God] will dwell among them." Ultimately, God desires not an oasis of kedushah, but a spiritual wellspring that quenches the thirst of a Jew for closeness to God, influencing, inspiring, and elevating all those encamped around it--not just inside it. God wishes to dwell among us.

Sanctifying Shabbat

Similarly, we are commanded to "remember the Sabbath day to sanctify it." The Ramban (Nachmanides) points out that in addition to the obligation of reciting Kiddush on Shabbat itself, another obligation exists: to maintain Shabbat as a focal point throughout the week. When an opportunity arises to purchase something special, such as food or clothing, one should purchase it for Shabbat.

Shabbat, like the Mishkan, is not an isolated day of spirituality, distinct and separate from the other days of the week. Rather, the rest of the week revolves around Shabbat, and Shabbat elevates and infuses the other days with its kedushah.

This is the message of both Shabbat and the Mishkan: kedushah is not isolated, but woven into the fabric of everyday life. A focal point for kedushah--in time and in place--is indeed essential, in order to experience unadulterated kedushah. Nonetheless, that source of kedushah must enrich and elevate all of life, so that the Shechinah may reside "betocham"--among us.

Moreover, the relationship between Shabbat and the Mishkan is expanded due to the sin of the golden calf, prior to Parashat Vayakhel. The Meshech Chochmah (Rav Meir Simcha of Dvinsk, 1843-1926) explains that the root of Israel’s transgression was their attribution of intrinsic and absolute power to Moshe Rabbeinu (Moses our Teacher). When Moses did not return from Mount Sinai on the expected date, the people despaired and turned away from their faith.

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Rabbi Aaron Cohen is the rabbi of Congregation Tifereth Israel in Passaic, New Jersey.