Suffering & Evil Quiz

Jewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?

Question 1 of :

Qustion 1. What is karet?

When a particular sin is punishable by death The biblical penalty of being "cut off from the people" A certain kind of justice meted out in biblical courts The term for one who has been sentenced to death but has not yet been executed

Qustion 2. Who called evil "the most difficult matter…with which scholars of all ages, people and tongues have struggled"?

Rashi Maimonides Nachmanides Rabbi Harold Kushner Moses

Qustion 3. Why is the question of suffering and evil unique among theological and philosophical problems?

It confronts us almost daily Jewish history is replete with tragedy, both individual and communal The Holocaust significantly impacted the discourse around this problem All of the above

Qustion 4. What is Berkovits and Cohen's “Free Will Defense" argument about the source of evil and suffering?

Human evil is the necessary and ever present possibility entailed by the reality of human freedom Because humans have free will, nothing is truly evil Because free will does not exist, God is culpable for all sins Humans have too much freedom, and only religion may restrict it

Qustion 5. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?

Failing to be circumcised Eating leaven on Passover Committing incest Murder

Qustion 6. What is the name for the vindication of God’s justice despite the existence of evil?

Theosophany Theodicy Deus ex machina Eschatology

Qustion 7. How does the Bahir, the earliest kabbalistic work, describe the sefirah (God’s emanation) of "power"?

"The penitential sefirah" "That which has the name of evil" "The sefirah of Satan" "The compassionate one"

Qustion 8. True or false: In traditional Jewish thought, Satan does not exist.

True False

Qustion 9. Does Judaism believe in a system of reward and punishment, according to the Bible?

Yes No It does not explicitly say in the Bible

Qustion 10. Who wrote the book When Bad Things Happen to Good People?

Blu Greenberg Rabbi Louis Jacobs Rabbi Harold Kushner Gertrude Berg
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