Suffering & Evil Quiz

Jewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?

Question 1 of :

Qustion 1. What do traditional Jewish sources teach about Hell?

There is no afterlife in Judaism There is a heaven and a hell, similar to the Christian division There is an incorporeal "middle ground" called Gehennom, or purgatory There is an afterlife, but only for good people

Qustion 2. Which of the following did Mordecai Kaplan, the founder of Reconstructionist Judaism, believe?

God is responsible for creating both good and evil forces in the universe The term "God" represents "the power for salvation" in the universe Our idea of God is merely a representation for that which we consider to be good Evil is merely a human construction for that which we cannot understand

Qustion 3. Who said that "in strict covenant theology, there can be no innocent sufferers"?

Richard Rubenstein Elie Wiesel Shimon Peres Viktor Frankl

Qustion 4. According to Judaism, why do bad things happen to good people?

We cannot know The people suffering might seem "good" but they are in fact being punished for sins they committed Those who suffer now will be rewarded in the afterlife Jewish thinkers have advanced all of these answers

Qustion 5. The problem of justifying God despite the existence of evil is called:

Theosophany Theodicy Eschatology Teshuvah None of the above

Qustion 6. According to Saadiah Gaon, which of these is not a purpose of human suffering?

Education Punishment Testing Restitution None of the above

Qustion 7. True or false: The concept of reward and punishment is the Torah's explanation for the existence of suffering.

True False

Qustion 8. What was the reaction of the Jewish philosophical community in the first 20 years following the Holocaust?

That the state of affairs in the world created the evil of the Holocaust That the Holocaust was not itself evil--what was problematic was the human desire for cruelty There was no forceful reaction--nobody knew how to deal with the Holocaust That the Holocaust was, in some way, indirectly the fault of the victims

Qustion 9. Which of these is an interpretation of the biblical punishment of karet?

Spiritual excommunication Dying before the age of 60 Dying childless All of the above None of the above

Qustion 10. According to the Bible, what did God promise to the Jews at Mt. Sinai, if they followed God's ways?

Rewards if they followed God, suffering if they did not Only rewards Only suffering Nothing
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