Suffering & Evil Quiz

Jewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?

Question 1 of :

Qustion 1. True or false: The concept of reward and punishment is the Torah's explanation for the existence of suffering.

True False

Qustion 2. What is karet?

When a particular sin is punishable by death The biblical penalty of being "cut off from the people" A certain kind of justice meted out in biblical courts The term for one who has been sentenced to death but has not yet been executed

Qustion 3. What is the philosophical conclusion reached by the Book of Job?

Job suffered in this world in order to achieve a reward in the next Humans are just toys to be played with by God and the angels It is fruitless for humans to try to figure out why God causes some righteous people to suffer All of these None of these

Qustion 4. What is Berkovits and Cohen's “Free Will Defense" argument about the source of evil and suffering?

Human evil is the necessary and ever present possibility entailed by the reality of human freedom Because humans have free will, nothing is truly evil Because free will does not exist, God is culpable for all sins Humans have too much freedom, and only religion may restrict it

Qustion 5. Which of the following did Mordecai Kaplan, the founder of Reconstructionist Judaism, believe?

God is responsible for creating both good and evil forces in the universe The term "God" represents "the power for salvation" in the universe Our idea of God is merely a representation for that which we consider to be good Evil is merely a human construction for that which we cannot understand

Qustion 6. Which approach to a painful experience does Rabbi Harold Kushner recommend?

Pretending it didn't happen Dwelling in the pain Asking, "What did I do to deserve this?" Asking, "Now that this has happened to me, what am I going to do about it?"

Qustion 7. What is the name for the vindication of God’s justice despite the existence of evil?

Theosophany Theodicy Deus ex machina Eschatology

Qustion 8. Who called evil "the most difficult matter…with which scholars of all ages, people and tongues have struggled"?

Rashi Maimonides Nachmanides Rabbi Harold Kushner Moses

Qustion 9. What did Abraham Isaac Kook think about the relationship between God and evil?

That evil was the opposite of God That evil did not exist That, for some reason, God created the force of evil That one day God would destroy all evil in the world

Qustion 10. The phrase "freedom is a two-edged sword" is most characteristic of which Jewish philosophy?

Hasidism Haskalah Process Theology The Free Will Defense None of these
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