Suffering & Evil Quiz

Jewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?

Question 1 of :

Qustion 1. According to Judaism, why do bad things happen to good people?

We cannot know The people suffering might seem "good" but they are in fact being punished for sins they committed Those who suffer now will be rewarded in the afterlife Jewish thinkers have advanced all of these answers

Qustion 2. Who wrote the book When Bad Things Happen to Good People?

Blu Greenberg Rabbi Louis Jacobs Rabbi Harold Kushner Gertrude Berg

Qustion 3. What was the reaction of the Jewish philosophical community in the first 20 years following the Holocaust?

That the state of affairs in the world created the evil of the Holocaust That the Holocaust was not itself evil--what was problematic was the human desire for cruelty There was no forceful reaction--nobody knew how to deal with the Holocaust That the Holocaust was, in some way, indirectly the fault of the victims

Qustion 4. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?

Failing to be circumcised Eating leaven on Passover Committing incest Murder

Qustion 5. Which of these is an interpretation of the biblical punishment of karet?

Spiritual excommunication Dying before the age of 60 Dying childless All of the above None of the above

Qustion 6. What is Berkovits and Cohen's “Free Will Defense" argument about the source of evil and suffering?

Human evil is the necessary and ever present possibility entailed by the reality of human freedom Because humans have free will, nothing is truly evil Because free will does not exist, God is culpable for all sins Humans have too much freedom, and only religion may restrict it

Qustion 7. How does the Bahir, the earliest kabbalistic work, describe the sefirah (God’s emanation) of "power"?

"The penitential sefirah" "That which has the name of evil" "The sefirah of Satan" "The compassionate one"

Qustion 8. What did Abraham Isaac Kook think about the relationship between God and evil?

That evil was the opposite of God That evil did not exist That, for some reason, God created the force of evil That one day God would destroy all evil in the world

Qustion 9. The problem of suffering and evil took on an unprecedented role in Jewish thought after what event?

The giving of the Ten Commandments The editing of the Mishnah The Holocaust The Protestant reformation

Qustion 10. Why is the question of suffering and evil unique among theological and philosophical problems?

It confronts us almost daily Jewish history is replete with tragedy, both individual and communal The Holocaust significantly impacted the discourse around this problem All of the above
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