Jewish Bioethics Quiz

When Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?

Question 1 of :

Qustion 1. True or false: In some situations, Jewish law actually requires a woman to have an abortion.

True False

Qustion 2. According to Jewish law, which of the following is true of abortion?

Life begins at conception, so abortion is tantamount to murder Traditional Jewish law does not consider a fetus to be a human being If a woman's life is endangered by her pregnancy she still must have the baby Abortion is permissible under all circumstances; the rabbis did not claim ownership over women's bodies

Qustion 3. According to the Talmud, when does a soul enter a baby's body?

At conception After the first trimester When the child first answers Amen to a blessing No one knows

Qustion 4. According to traditional Jewish sources, when does death occur?

When the heart stops beating When breathing totally and irreversibly ceases When a person says the Shema and closes his/her eyes for the last time Any of the above

Qustion 5. According to Jewish law, actively hastening the death of a dying person is akin to what?

Stealing Murder Putting a stumbling block in front of a blind person Defiling Shabbat

Qustion 6. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is

the heart beating breathing speaking the ability to say the name of God

Qustion 7. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?

Whether or not one is a priest Whether or not one is a religiously observant person The risk of the procedure Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew

Qustion 8. According to Jewish law, is therapeutic genetic engineering and gene manipulation sanctioned?

It is sanctioned because it may help save lives in the future It is prohibited, because it does not help save lives in the present Is it prohibited because it is tampering with God's work It is sanctioned because it is fixing God's mistakes

Qustion 9. What is the one principle that can be singled out for its prominence in Jewish bioethical discourse?

God is at the center of all decision making There is a duty to save and preserve human life wherever possible Preventing pain is the most important factor in all medical decisions Both A and C

Qustion 10. From a Jewish perspective, what is the best way of screening for genetic diseases?

Carrier screening Pre-implantation screening Prenatal testing No screening is allowed at any point
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