Free Will Quiz

The paradox of human free will and God's infinite knowledge and power has troubled Jewish thinkers at every point in Jewish history. How much do you know about this debate?

Question 1 of :

Qustion 1. Which Jewish philosopher comes closest to asserting that humans do not have free will?

Maimonides Hasdai Crescas Isaac Luria Joseph Soloveitchik Judah Halevi

Qustion 2. True or false: In antiquity, the different sects in Israel (Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes) all agreed about fate and determinism.

True False

Qustion 3. True or false: The Bible has examples of God announcing predetermined events and interfering with individual choices.

True False

Qustion 4. Who said that "everything is foreseen [by God], yet man has the capacity to choose freely"?

Josephus Rabbi Akiba Shimon bar Yohai Hanina ben Hama

Qustion 5. What is the most significant problem that modern science has contributed to the free will question?

Science has isolated a single "free will" gene Some contemporary scientific thinking attributes much of human behavior to biological and psychological factors Chaos theory has shown it is impossible to predict human behavior Both science and religion have agreed that free will is a basic factor in the human brain

Qustion 6. What does the Apocryphal writer Ben Sira believe about predetermination?

That God has predetermined human character from birth That humanity is divided into two antithetical groups, the godly and the sinners That human beings are free to choose their individual life paths and must not blame God for their transgressions All of these None of these

Qustion 7. Many kabbalists believe that God's providence does not extend to which of the following?

Animals Tzaddikim Hasidic Jews People who do not study Kabbalah

Qustion 8. Which Jewish philosopher suggested that God knows the options from which we will choose, but doesn’t know the specific choice we will make?

Philo Saadiah Gaon Gersonides Moses Mendelsohn

Qustion 9. Which of these problems concerned medieval philosophers?

How to reconcile free will and divine providence How to reconcile free will and divine foreknowledge How to ensure that human beings experience the feeling of freedom A & B only All of the above

Qustion 10. Which modern thinker believed that the goal of a human's development is freedom and independence?

Martin Buber Abraham Joshua Heschel Rachel Adler Erich Fromm
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