Reprinted from the Yale Journal for Humanities in Medicine, January 28, 2002.
Jewish culture has a long, rich, and venerable corpus of healing traditions, including, for example, wearing protective amulets, consulting rabbis and holy men in order to receive their blessing and their instructions regarding the ritual actions necessary to alleviate illness and other misfortune, and pilgrimage to tombs of saints associated with healing.
These sorts of traditional practices, commonplace among Jews in North Africa and Asia as well as in Eastern Europe and Israel, did not survive in the United States except among small groups of Hasidic Jews living in a few tightly knit communities. Since the beginning of the 20th century, American Jews, for the most part, have been among the most eager proponents of modern medicine, and in the forefront of immigrant groups that have rejected traditional “superstitions” and “magical practices” in regard to health and illness.
A New Non-Hierarchical, Grass-Roots Format
During the 1980s, a new kind of Jewish healing began to emerge in the United States. Organizationally, the contemporary Jewish healing movement encompasses synagogue-based healing services, private healing offered by individual practitioners, community-sponsored ritual and social services for the elderly and chronically ill, and small-group healing rituals carried out in response to the needs of friends or community members.
Recently, the national Jewish Family Services has made a commitment to support Jewish healing activities in the local communities served by its many branches. This commitment emphasizes the communal nature of American Jewish healing. Instead of the saint-healer typical of traditional Jewish societies, American Jews situate healing in the context of community. A typically American and egalitarian format in which the healer (more often than not, a woman) describes herself as part of the fellowship of those in need of healing, replaces the hierarchical and dyadic traditional format in which a holy man held unique powers to elicit God’s blessing on behalf of the sick and unfortunate.