No biblical book takes up theodicy's challenge with greater power than the moving and enigmatic story of Job.
Can we cause an animal to suffer to save a human life?
The book of Job challenges the simple equation of suffering with punishment, by telling the story of one righteous man's confrontation with overwhelming misfortune.
For some theologians, the evils of the Holocaust were unique; others believe they can be integrated into traditional theological discourse.
The metaphor of Israel as the wife of God receives several potent and shocking midrashic reinterpretations as the rabbis reflect on Israel's suffering and persecution.
An ambiguous divine speech is the subject of great scholarly debate.
The rabbis of the talmudic era were more interested in the human response to suffering than in finding theological justifications for its existence.
Why do bad things happen to good people?
Suffering & Evil in Judaism
According to the Torah, Jews have a special relationship with God. It is the problem raised by this relationship--more than the philosophical one--that is often discussed in biblical and rabbinic literature.
The philosophers and mystics of the Middle Ages suggested an array of solutions to the problem of suffering.