Jewish Evil

The Uniqueness of the Holocaust

For some theologians, the evils of the Holocaust were unique; others believe they can be integrated into traditional theological discourse.

The Holocaust: Responding to Modern Suffering

The events of the Holocaust put the problem of suffering at the fore of Jewish theological discourse.

Israel as Estranged Wives and Widows

The metaphor of Israel as the wife of God receives several potent and shocking midrashic reinterpretations as the rabbis reflect on Israel's suffering and persecution.

When Bad Things Happen to Good People

Suffering is meaningless unless you decide otherwise.

The Anthropological Implications of Suffering

The rabbis of the talmudic era were more interested in the human response to suffering than in finding theological justifications for its existence.

The Holocaust as Revelation: Fackenheim & Greenberg

According to some thinkers, the events of the Nazi era initiated changes in the nature of Judaism.

Berkovits & Cohen: The Free Will Defense

The deviant use of human freedom, not God, is the source of evil and suffering.

Jewish Answers to Suffering and Evil

Solutions to Jewish Suffering and Evil. Jewish Suffering and Evil. Jewish Ideas and Beliefs.

Suffering and Evil: Jewish Solutions

According to the Torah, Jews have a special relationship with God. It is the problem raised by this relationship--more than the philosophical one--that is often discussed in biblical and rabbinic literature.

Medieval Jewish Responses to Suffering & Evil

The philosophers and mystics of the Middle Ages suggested an array of solutions to the problem of suffering.