Parashat Vayehi

Two Sufferings That Are One

Exile and suffering are only too present in contemporary society.

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Exile and redemption, slavery and freedom, are not merely historical events. Rather, the Sefat Emet, a Polish Hasidic Rebbe, teaches that both exile and redemption, Egypt and Israel, are deep truths that occur in every place, in every person, and in every time. 

Exile & Slavery Today

Indeed, exile and slavery are only too present in contemporary societies. Across the developing world the physical enslavement of poverty, hunger, and disease exiles human beings from their inherent potential. The physical exile is manifest in the overwhelming lack of basic resources: the scarcity of food, clean water, and medication, as well as essential means of economic development, such as seeds, livestock, and tools. Liberation is only possible when people are able to provide for their physical needs and thus liberate their bones from the narrowness of poverty.

At the same time, the spiritual enslavement of lack of education, political voice, community organization, and human rights traps citizens of the developing world in a second exile. Only when people are empowered to have the social and political resources necessary to succeed--to live without fear of oppression and violence, the freedom to collaborate with their neighbors and to have the opportunity to participate in the decisions which affect their lives--only then can their essence be freed. 

In the case of international development, this is what redemption means. To truly succeed, we must recognize that these two exiles are one. Our aim is neither freed corpses nor freed ghosts, but fully flourishing human beings. For that reason, AJWS works to fight against poverty and for community development, to fight against hunger and for human rights.

The narrowness of Egypt exists all around us. The urge to narrow, to restrict others, and to preserve privilege can be seen on every level, whether of the individual, the community, or the state. Yet just as Egypt exists in our time, so too does redemption. It is only as one, with each other and aided by the divine, that both the bodies (atzamot) and spirits (atzmut) of all those trapped in the narrowness of oppression can be freed. And it is only as one, as both body and spirit, bones and essence, that true redemption is possible.

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Rabbi James Jacobson-Maisels

Rabbi James Jacobson-Maisels teaches Jewish thought and mysticism at the Pardes Institute of Jewish Studies in Jerusalem.