Parashat Metzora

Making Room for the Leper

When we embrace with one hand but push away with the other, it's the push that remains in lasting memory.

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Provided by the Jewish Outreach Institute, an organization dedicated to creating a more open and welcoming Judaism.

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Leprosy is not bad enough. Whatever is being described in this week's Torah portion as tzaraat (generally translated as leprosy but probably not so), it is clear that this malady has the pernicious power to transcend its insidious attack on the body and spread into garments and penetrate the walls of homes. The Torah wants the reader to understand that this is not a creeping bacterium.

Rather, tzaraat is a spiritual malaise that manifests itself as a disease of the body or some kind of mold-like substance that can infiltrate the walls of our homes. Perhaps it is even more life-threatening as a result, because it can destroy the soul.

That's why the Torah charges the priest (spiritual leader) as the only one in the community empowered to make the diagnosis and in a position to take the individual through the process of ritual purification. During this process of ritual cleansing, the priest generally sequesters the individual (outside of the camp) and may even remove the stones from the wall of the house if he is unable to completely cleanse them or if the disease surfaces again unabated.

Outside the Camp

This seems like the way that the Torah deals with many of its challenges and has thereby taught the Jewish community to do the same when it faces any kind of a threat, especially one that it doesn't fully understand: just place those who are involved outside of the camp. After all, that is where azazel exists; it might even be where gehinom is--outside of the camp, outside of the embrace of the community, anyplace that is not within the orbit of the people.

If we don't see them, then perhaps they don't really exist. At the very time that people are in need of others, the community is directed to abandon them or, at least, place them out of sight. The social visibility factor, as sociologists might name it, just provokes too much of anxiety to do anything else. Maybe it is just fear of the "other" that drives the process. Nevertheless, the result is the same: placing distance between the individual and the community.

Embracing the Other

Yet there's more going on than that, and in fact the Torah contains a counter message. In this week's portion, the priest takes on the tzaraat as part of the process of healing. This demonstrates the power of leadership and its potential to model the correct approach, in part--to embrace the other, rather than to just push them away.

There are many outside the camp today, that is, outside of the core Jewish community. Some have chosen that path. Others have been pushed out--especially by the community's leadership, however unintentional it might have been.

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Rabbi Kerry M. Olitzky

Rabbi Kerry M. Olitzky is executive director of the Jewish Outreach Institute and the author of numerous books about Jewish spirituality.