7. First they were afraid and said they wished they had never listened to Moses and had stayed in Egypt where they were safe. After the Egyptians drowned, the Israelites feared God, believed in Him, and in His servant, Moses (14:12,31).
8. The Israelites had seen God's great miracles only a few days before. It is troubling how quickly they could lose their faith, and then how quickly it was restored.
9. After three days, they found no water to drink. God showed Moses a certain tree and he cast it into the bitter waters, and the waters were made sweet (15:22-25).
10. God said that if we diligently listen to His voice and do what is right in His eyes, and we pay heed to His commandments and keep all His statutes, He would ensure that the Israelites would suffer none of the diseases which He had placed upon the Egyptians; i.e., the plagues and various catastrophes (15:26).
11. They ran out of the food they had brought with them out of Egypt, so God provided manna and quail for them to eat until they were full. Manna was available in the morning and quail in the evening (16:2-4).
12. They were to gather one omer per person per day except on the sixth day, when they were to gather two omers per person, one for Shabbat. If they gathered more than an omer, it was still the correct amount. If less than an omer, they still had enough. They could not allow any manna to be left over until the next day except on the sixth day (16:4).
13. An omer is 1/10 of an ephah (source?).
14. God told Moses to take his rod and smite a certain rock in Horeb. Moshe did as God instructed and the water flowed (17:6).
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