Talmud QuizThe Talmud--which consists of the Mishnah and Gemara--explicates and builds upon the Torah's laws and stories. How much do you know about this influential and complex body of Jewish teachings?
Question 1. What is the first teaching in Pirkei Avot?
Be a disciple of Aaron, loving peace and pursuing peace
Say little and do much
If I am only for myself, who am I?
Moses received Torah from God at Sinai
Question 2. Who was Hillel's intellectual adversary?
Question 3. Which is the standard edition of the Talmud?
The Jerusalem Edition
The Vilna Edition
The Perushim of Rashi
The Revised Standard Version
Question 4. Which came first, the Mishnah or the Gemara?
Question 5. What is a baraita?
A very popular and well-known section of the Mishnah
A section of the Mishnah that is anonymous
A teaching from outside the land of Israel, recorded in the Mishnah
A teaching from the time of the Mishnah that was preserved orally until its appearance in the Talmud
Question 6. Which of these teachings does NOT appear in Pirkei Avot?
Love your neighbor as yourself
The world stands on three things: Torah, service, and acts of loving kindness
The day is short and the work is great
You are not obligated to complete the work, but neither are you free to desist from it
Question 7. Which of the two Talmuds is considered more authoritative?
They are given equal consideration
The Yerushalmi is considered more important for priests, the Bavli for common folk
Question 8. What did the Talmudic commentator Menahem Meiri think of Christians?
That they should all become Jewish
That Christians were "avdei kohavim," idol worshippers
That Christianity was a false religion, but its adherents were still basically moral
That they were beyond redemption
Question 9. Where was the "Babylonian" Talmud produced?
The land that is modern-day Egypt
The land that is modern-day Iraq
The land that is modern-day Poland
The land that is modern-day Lithuania
Question 10. Who was Rabbenu Tam?
A common adversary of Yose ben Yoezer
A sage quoted often in the Mishnah